Modern Contraception among Sexually Active Unmarried Adolescents Aged 15-19 Years in Nigeria

Olaide Ojoniyi , University of the Western Cape

Promoting modern contraceptive use among adolescents is one of the key approaches in practice, to prevent sexual transmitted infections, avoid unintended pregnancy and subsequent unsafe abortion. This study employed Health Belief Model to examine factors influencing modern contraceptive use among unmarried adolescents in Nigeria. It is a cross-sectional study using data for 1,116(weighted) sexually active unmarried adolescents age 15-19 years from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Data analysis was done using STATAv14 at p< 0.05. The preliminary results showed that 94.2% of the adolescents know modern method of contraceptive. Less than one third of the respondents (31.3 %) were using modern contraceptive of which male condom was prominent (26.2%). Controlling for possible confounders, sexual initiation at 15 years or later [AOR=1.476,CI 1.037-2.101], multiple sexual partner [AOR=1.451,CI 1.083-1.945], and fertility history [AOR=0.311,CI 0.189-0.511], were significant predictors of modern contraception among adolescents in Nigerian. KEYWORDS; UNMARRIED ADOLESCENT CONTRACEPTION NIGERIA DHS

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 Presented in Session P1. Poster Session Fertility, Family and the Life Course