Second Demographic Transition and Divorce in India

Monika Yadav
Pooja Yadav, FRIENDS

Population, its growth and its size play an important role in the process of economic development of an economy. Some regions of India are in the second demographic transition some regions are still undergoing first demographic transition. This present study, Second Demographic Transition and Divorce in India, is an attempt to understand the process of transformation from the first demographic transition to Second Demographic Transition. Divorce is defined as the termination of marriage or marital union and it is also known as the marital dissolution. Divorce is common to all the societies including developing countries like India. Divorce has existed at all times in known history. The Indian divorce rate is still low compared to other countries. Thus it can be concluded that the demographic changes coupled with modernization has an important role to play in enhancing the divorce rate. The second demographic transition process led to major changes in the society including increased divorce. Divorce is not a problem for all societies currently but definitely has been a major issue in developed parts of the world. But for most developing societies like India divorce can have adverse impacts because increasing trends in the divorce effect to adults and children alike. So there is need to study changes in the pattern of divorce consequent to the development. Divorce may be one phenomenon, which is pushing India into the SDT.

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 Presented in Session P1. Poster Session Fertility, Family and the Life Course