Self-Preservation Behaviour as a Condition for Reducing Mortality and Increasing Life Expectancy

Yulia Dmitrieva , Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population, Russian Academy of Sciences

The article reveals the features of the influence of behavioral factors on mortality and morbidity. The increase of cancer disease rate is the important indicator of seriousness of situation. Every year approximately 0.5 million of Russian citizens are diagnosed with cancer, the mortality cancer rate is around 280000 per year. It is determined that the behavioral factor a priori lays the terms of life, in this regard, substantiates the reasons for the importance of the study of self-preservation behavior of the population at the Federal level. It is shown that in Russian society the attitudes of self-destructive behavior of the population are formed, while in order to overcome the negative demographic trends in Russia it is necessary to change the attitude of people to their health, with the help of the development of attitudes of self-preservation behavior. The article proposes the main task of the study of self-preservation behavior of the population to identify the role of a larger number of heterogeneous factors in determining the real, observed life of the population of different regions. At the same time, take into account that it is necessary to look not only for the immediate cause, but also for the "causes" associated with a complex complex. It is concluded that the lack of practical research and measures to improve public health and the formation of a high culture of self-preservation behavior of the population, put the achievement of the goals of the state social and demographic policy at risk.

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 Presented in Session P2. Poster Session Ageing, Health and Mortality