The Determinants of Migration in the World: Data Panel 2000-2016

Leila Zandy , Yazd University
Habib Ansari, yazd university

In recent years, migration has become one of the global trends of the world. According to the International Organization for Migration (2018), more than 257.7 million people of world are migrant, and it is predicted to reach 400 million by 2050. There are a large number of articles on international migration, but there are very few studies that illustrate the impact of non-economic factors on international migration and examine several variables simultaneously on international migration. In this paper, we attempt to examine the impact of governance, environmental, demographic and economic variables on international migration worldwide and to show which of the relevant variables has the most impact on panel migration data. We need to provide a more comprehensive picture of the factors of migration worldwide. And that the determinant study of migration is crucial for policymakers to understand a wide range of migration. According to the studies conducted in the field of international migration, more emphasis has been placed on economic and political variables such as GDP per capita, income, labor market, income indicators, job opportunities, government efficiency, corruption control, The rule of law, political stability, freedom of expression are intended. more research has focused on one or two variables. We use the push-pull model to explain the variables. Gravity theory is the basic and coherent theory of migration research. According to this theory, economic, governance, environmental and demographic factors can be examined. We use panel-data 2000-2016 and data collected of world bank and WDI .we use Eviews9 software to analysis data.

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 Presented in Session P3. Poster Session Migration, Economics, Environment, Methods, History and Policy