Spatial Patterns of Socio-Economic Status of Women in India with Special Reference to Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra State

Sachin Pawar , Savitribai Phule Pune University, Maharashtra, India
Krishan Ramotra, Shivaji University, Kolhapur, maharashtra

Gender inequality remains pervasive not only in a developing country like India but also in the developed countries of the world despite the socio-economic progress that has taken place during the last century. In this paper it is endeavoured to appraise overall socio-economic status of women in comparison to men in Maharashtra, which is one of the most industrialized and urbanized states in India at district level in general and at tahsil level in its Ahmednagar district in particular. The study is based on the secondary source of data mainly derived from census of India 2001 and 2011. For measuring the status of women as well as of men for comparison purpose composite indexes are computed using Prof. Kundu’s method of normalization at district level in the state and at tahsil level in the district of Ahmednagar for 2001 and 2011 to comprehend their position’s pattern and changes that have taken place at micro-level. The composite index has been computed considering the six indices such as, general sex ratio, child sex ratio, literacy rate, work participation rate, workers in non-agricultural sector.The status of women in comparison to men has been improving at faster rate and coming closer to that of men but in general women still lagging behind both at district and tahsil levels in the state. Key Words: Women Status, Men Status, Gender Inequality

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 Presented in Session P3. Poster Session Migration, Economics, Environment, Methods, History and Policy