Gender and Age in the Employability Gap Faced by the African Population in Spain

Silvia Gastón-Guiu , Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Andreu Domingo, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Rocio Treviño-Maruri, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

The African population in Spain is clearly being left behind after the economic crisis. The main hypothesis of this project is that discriminatory perception of difference is creating and reproducing economic inequality. The study aims to measure and analyse the most significant demographic elements that explain part of employability gap, unemployment rates, and probabilities of getting a job, and what kind of job. Focusing on Africans, but distinguishing between the north and south of the continent and identifying two axes of analysis—behaviour of men vis-à-vis women, and young people vis-à-vis the middle-aged population, compared with other immigrants and natives—it has three core objectives: 1) to analyse unemployment rates by time of job search (short-term, long-term, and very long-term) and disaggregated by sex and ages; 2) to create an employment quality index; and, 3) to study the young people’s situation in the labour market depending on the place where they achieved the highest level of education and parental settlement time. In order to do this, we shall use Spanish Labour Force Survey data to build a fictitious cohorts model, which allows us to carry out a dynamic analysis of labour behaviour controlled by the importance of gender and age roles. Key words: International migrations, African population, demography, unemployment rates, Spain

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 Presented in Session 71. Immigrants' Structural Integration I: Labour Market