"The Consequences of Population Growth on the Demographic Characteristics of Abu Dhabi City, United Arab Emirates"

Fayez Eelessawy , United Arab Emirates University

The Consequences of Population Growth on the Demographic Characteristics of Abu Dhabi city, United Arab Emirates Prof. Fayez M. Elessawy United Arab Emirates University Abstract . Abu Dhabi and other Arabian Gulf cities have evolved rapidly in the second half of 20th century, due to investment of oil and gas revenues. The total population of the city has grown rapidly by 1000% over the last 42 years; , with annual rate of growth of more than 5.7%.. The increase resulted from increasing flow of guest workers immigrants from only 87 thousand in 1975 to half million in 2005. .The percentage of non- national increased continuously from 72 % in 1975 to nearly 90 % of the total population of the city in 2018 , most of them are Asians . These figures reflect the enormity of the growing role of non-national workers in population growth of the city over the last four decades. Simultaneously, the increased percentage of the foreigners to total population of the capital city is creating many positive and negative impacts on Emirati society. This study investigates some of these changes to the demographic characteristics of Emirati society; particularly, creating an imbalance of age and sex ratios and unique composition of labor force .The researcher applied the topical approach with the use of analytical and cartographic techniques to reach the study aims Key Words: Abu Dhabi. Population growth, Guest workers, Asians, Unbalanced age-sex structure, Labor force

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 Presented in Session P3. Poster Session Migration, Economics, Environment, Methods, History and Policy