Disaster Recovery Index: Measuring Aceh Post Tsunami Recovery

Bondan Sikoki
Ni Wayan Suriastini, SurveyMETER
Cecep Sumantri, Survey Meter
Ika Yulia Wijayanti, SurveyMETER

Since the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004, Aceh has experienced rapid change on a massive scale. Aceh was the region most devastated by the 9.3 magnitude earthquake and a massive tsunami. Over 130,000 people died and more than 30,000 were reported missing. This paper aims to measure the recovery in Aceh by constructing an indicator named Disaster Recovery Index (DRI). The Index uses five sector recovery indices based on Post Disaster Need Assessment (PDNA) Guidelines by The National Disaster Management Agency (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana, BNPB), i.e. Housing, Infrastructure, Livelihoods, Social, and Environment sector to calculate sector recovery indices and its composite index. The first wave of Study of Tsunami and Aftermath Recovery (STAR) data is used to measure the recovery process. It had been collected in several months after the disaster. In order to compare the recovery amongst different affected areas, we calculate the indices in three groups affected area, i.e. light, medium, and heavy. As a result, in general, Aceh post-tsunami recovery reached 62.24% at the time of the survey. Livelihoods sector achieved the fastest recovery, while the environment sector became the slowest one. In conclusion, the remaining recovery requires a sustainable program since the livelihood sector's fast recovery was reached by temporary cash transfer assistance and the impact of climate change might affect the recovery of the Environment sector in the long run. A longitudinal study measurement uses following wave survey is suggested to monitor the progress of recovery

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 Presented in Session P3. Poster Session Migration, Economics, Environment, Methods, History and Policy