Pravat Bhandari , International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Obtaining data from fourth round of National Family and Health Survey (NFHS – 4), this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy (15-19 years) and adolescent motherhood (15-19 years) at district-level using Bayesian Geo-spatial model. I fitted Besag, York and Mollie model to predict the posterior probability of adolescent pregnancy and motherhood for all 640 districts spreading across 36 states and union territories in India. I then mapped estimated posterior probabilities to identify micro-level spatial inequalities. Factors affecting adolescent pregnancy and motherhood at individual-level were assessed using a mixed effect model. Prevalence of adolescent pregnancy and motherhood varies considerably across districts (range: 0.46% to 11.37% and 1.19% to 20.08% respectively), and found to be highly concentrated in the districts of central and western states. District-level and individual-level results highlight the close linkages between adolescent pregnancy and motherhood and female literacy, religious practices, caste norms and household wealth.
Presented in Session P1. Poster Session Fertility, Family and the Life Course