Person-Environment Fit and Its Effect on Tendency of Emigration amongst Post-Graduate Students of the University of Tehran

Hossein Mahmoudian , University of Tehran
Pouya Abbasi, University of Tehran

During recent years, emigration has turned into a frequent and even obvious behavior from graduate students of universities of Iran and more specifically state universities within the country. Regarding the importance of elite technological and science-oriented workforce in promoting the development of countries, this research chose to focus on the tendency of emigration amongst students of university of Tehran as the symbol of modern educational system in the country. This research has been conducted to measure the effect of Person-Environment Fit on tendency of emigration amongst post graduate students of the University of Tehran. To do so, a questionnaire including items measuring different dimensions of Person-Environment Fit as well as migration tendency was distributed among a cluster and random sample of students of different faculties and fields of study of the university. After analyzing around 358 obtained questionnaires, it was found about 69.4% of students of university of Tehran reported high tendency of emigration and only 12.9% of them reported reluctancy and rather low tendency of migration to foreign countries. In bivariate analysis it was found that there is a negative correlation between each and all dimensions of Person-Environment Fit and tendency of emigration. After conducting a multivariate linear regression, it was shown that after controlling demographic and contextual variables the complex of variables representing Person-Environment Fit could be responsible for about 17% of variance of the dependent variable. However this increased to up to 30% after releasing control variables into the final model.

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 Presented in Session P3. Poster Session Migration, Economics, Environment, Methods, History and Policy